Information on Alternatives Databases in the spirit of the three R's
Our theme: Sharing and Collaboration across Borders
A Workshop was held in Neubiberg, a suburb of
Munich, Germany, to bring together those working on alternatives
databases. The Workshop was hosted by the Akademie für Tierschutz which
is a part of of the Deutscher Tierschutzbund ( German Animal Welfare
Federation ). The Workshop was chaired by Margot van der Kamp of the Netherlands Centre for Alternatives to Animal Use (NCA), and funded by ECVAM (The European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods). An overview of the participants and a group photograph are available (if you would like a larger photograph, click here).
The official proceedings have been published as an ECVAM Workshop Report, both as an article in the journal ATLA (Alternatives to Laboratory Animals), published by FRAME (Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments) and as a separate reprint. The report from the Workshop is available here on the Altweb site at CAAT (see below).
Further details from:
ECVAM, TP 580, JRC Environment Institute, 21020 Ispra (Va), ItalyA similar initiative was undertaken simultaneously in the United
States. This resulted in a meeting being held on 23rd October 1996
during the 2nd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the
Life Sciences, which was arranged in Utrecht, The Netherlands, from
20th to 24th October 1996. The purpose of the meeting was 'to discuss
the formation of a multi-national federation to develop a global
network of linked alternatives (Three Rs) databases'. All Congress
participants currently developing an alternatives database in any
discipline (research, testing, education) or who have expertise in
database development and who would like to participate in this
worldwide project were invited.
Telephone: +39 332 785 570
Telefax: +39 332 789 963
Email: Annett Janusch Roi
The overview presented below is a
combination of the conclusions reached at the Neubiberg workshop and
the resources presented at the Utrecht meeting.
A similar site was subsequently developed by the Johns Hopkins Center for
Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Click here to go to their site called Altweb: Alternatives to Animal Testing on the Web.
The compilers of these pages have tried to present a complete
overview of the alternatives databases available at the time of
writing. The order of citation is arbitrary and does not represent any
attempt to rank the various efforts by importance. Our aim is to
acknowledge all efforts to implement the three R's of Russell & Burch (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement of animal experiments). Likewise, any omissions are unintentional. Please send details of omissions or factual errors, or any other comments you may have, to Professor Adrian Smith (email@example.com).
Overview of alternatives databasesThe Neubiberg workshop proposed the following classification system for databases and other resources that promote the three R's of Russell & Burch.
1. databases on replacement alternatives
2. databases on reduction alternatives
3. databases on refinement alternatives
4. database on methodologies including their protocols
5. databases on educational subjects
6. databases on test results
7. databases on QSAR
8. databases on for validation/evaluation purposes
9. databases on experts
10. databases on possible funding
11. databases on regulations/guidelines
12. databases on projects on alternatives
An attempt has been made to classify the databases according to this
list (numbers in brackets after the database name). Click here to continue...